[Social Science Part 2] Gen Ed LET Reviewer

Here is Part 2 of our Gen Ed Social Science reviewer for the upcoming Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET).

This is Part 2 of our Social Science Gen Ed reviewer. This has 50 multiple-choice questions with the answer key provided at the bottom.

Recommended reading:
→ 5 Researched-Based Techniques to Pass Any Exam
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→ How to Remember Better: A Study Tip

Gen Ed Social Science reviewer

1. With the Batasang Pambansa performing legislative and executive powers in the Marcos regime, which form of government was implemented?
A. Parliamentary
B. Dictatorial
C. Monarchical
D. Presidential

2. What form of government is characterized by the separation of powers?
A. Parliamentary
B. Presidential
C. Aristocracy
D. Monarchical

3. To which type of political system do we belong?
A. Colonialism
B. Totalitarianism
C. Democracy
D. Capitalism

4. Which of the following represents the smallest sub-unit of government in the Philippines at present?
A. Purok
B. Barangay
C. Sitio
D. Zone

5. In which form of government does power or authority reside in a few persons who govern for their interest?
A. Oligarchy
B. Monarchy
C. Democracy
D. Parliamentary

6. The Philippine government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. Which among the following doctrines best describes the model of governance in the Philippines?
A. Tricameralism
B. Separation of powers
C. Emancipation of state
D. Division of labor

7. The Philippine legislature is divided into two major bodies, the Senate and the House of Representatives. Which among the following best describes the division of the legislative body of the country?
A. Bipartisanism
B. Co-Legislative power
C. Unicameralism
D. Bicameralism

8. Which type of governance is characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central government?
A. Federalism
B. Socialism
C. Democracy
D. Totalitarianism

9. In England, Queen Elizabeth acts as head of the state. This country also has a parliament and a Prime Minister. Which among the following best describes the form of government in this country?
A. Absolute Monarchy
B. Constitutional Monarchy
C. Oligarchy
D. Aristocracy

10. Which form of government where all citizens are treated equally on certain dimensions such as religion, politics, economics, social status, and culture?
A. Totalitarianism
B. Democracy
C. Socialism
D. Egalitarianism

11. What human right is violated when one opens a letter without permission from the addressee?
A. Right to the privacy of communication and correspondence
B. Right to read the letter
C. Right to open the envelope without permission
D. Right to private affairs

12. When an individual is imprisoned without proper investigation what right is violated?
A. Right to due process of law
B. Right to secure persons
C. Right to process paper
D. Right to protection

13. What law was passed by the Philippine Congress in 1995 which affirms the total integration of persons with disabilities into the mainstream of society?
A. Republic Act No. 7277
B. Republic Act No. 7784
C. Republic Act No. 7722
D. Republic Act No. 7776

14. Which is the best definition of inclusive education endorsed by DepEd?
A. It is a flexible and individualized support system for children and youth with special education needs.
B. It is a mandate to include all children and youth in community activities.
C. It is a system to support children and youth in exclusive schools.
D. It is special support for children and youth who cannot attend school.

15. Inclusion is a basic right of every Filipino child with special needs to education, rehabilitation, support services, work training and employment opportunities, community participation and independent living. To prepare teachers to handle inclusive education what specialization is offered in teacher education institutions?
A. Special Education
B. Special Course
C. Kindergarten Courses
D. Pre School Education

16. Article XIV Section of the 1987 Philippine Constitution mandates that the “State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all”.
Which of the goals of EFA 2015 aims to achieve the above-mentioned constitutional mandate?
A. Universal completion of the full cycle of basic education schooling with satisfactory achievement levels by all at every grade or year.
B. Universal completion of primary education with satisfactory achievement levels at every grade level.
C. Universal completion of secondary education with satisfactory achievement levels at every year level.
D. Universal elimination of dropouts and repetition by all at every grade or year including satisfactory achievement levels.

17. What is the best indicator of “quality education” as invoked in the Constitution?
A. Generation of reliable measurements on the dropout rate.
B. Generation of reliable measurements on cohort Survival rate
C. Generation of reliable measurements of education outcomes
D. Generation of reliable measurements on the participation rate

18. What is the writ of habeas data?
A. Right to information privacy
B. Right to accumulate data
C. Right to transmit data
D. Right to search for private information

19. The Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers provides that a “Teacher has the right and duty to determine the academic marks and the promotion of learners”. What is the obligation of the teacher in relation to the aforementioned right as mandated in the Education Act of 1982?
A. Refrain from making deductions in student’s scholastic ratings for acts not of poor scholarship.
B. Refrain from discriminating high and low achievers in the classes he/she handles.
C. Refrain from inflicting corporal punishment and make it a basic for deductions in scholastic ratings.
D. Refrain from segregating the fast and slow learners for convenience in rating them.

20. When a teacher is charged with an administrative case committed in the lawful discharge of professional duties, what right may a teacher invoke for her defense?
A. Right to receive compensation for the duration of the case
B. Right to be given the due process of law
C. Right to be defended by the organization of teachers to which he/she is a member
D. Right to be provided with free legal services by the appropriate office

21. What is the teacher’s accountability in the achievement of quality education?
A. Be accountable for the grading performance of learners
B. Be accountable for the effective attainment of specified learning objectives and outcomes
C. Be accountable for reporting the performance of learners to parents
D. Be accountable for reporting the performance to the school head and stakeholders.

22. Which is the overriding aim of the constitutional mandate on social justice?
A. To bridge the gap between rich and poor
B. To protect the squatter in the possession of the premises occupied by him because he is poor
C. To authorize the taking of what is in excess of one’s personal needs and then giving it to another
D. To work for social equality

23. Which principle states that no man in this country is above the law and that law must be obeyed by all and applied to everyone -rich or poor, lowly or powerful-without fear or favor?
A. Rule of law
B. Rule of the majority
C. Separation of Church and state
D. Social justice

24. In connection with government transactions involving public interest, which policy is adopted in the Constitution to assure the public of accountability and transparency?
A. Full public disclosure
B. Balanced and healthful ecology
C. Private enterprise and incentives for needed investments
D. Rural development and agrarian reform

25. Filipino citizens have the power to participate in the establishment or administration of government such as the right to vote and be voted upon as an exercise of ________.
A. Political rights
B. Civil rights
C. Social rights
D. Economic rights

26. Can the accused waive his right to remain silent and to have competent and independent counsel?
A. No, except in writing and in the presence of counsel
B. Yes, if there is no counsel offering his services
C. No, it cannot be waived
D. Yes, if he voluntarily does so.

27. Which is right violated by wiretapping?
A. Freedom of expression
B. The right of private property
C. The right of privacy in communication
D. The right to information on matters of public concerns

28. Which act is deprivation of life without due process?
A. Killing in self-defense
B. Salvaging
C. Imposition of the death penalty
D. Death resulting from illness

29. Is grabbing of lands an act of deprivation of property without due process?
A. Yes
B. No
C. Yes, if the land grabber is rich
D. No, if the land grabber is landless

30. Can you be arrested without a warrant of arrest?
A. No, if you are a minor
B. No, if you are more than 60 years old
C. Yes, if you were reported to have committed a crime
D. Yes, if you are in the act of committing a crime

31. Can religious instruction be taught in public school?
I. Yes, if given free
II. Yes, if given outside class hours
III. Yes, only to those children whose parents give their consent in writing.
A. I and III
B. II and III
C. I, II and III
D. III only

32. Can the accused avail of free legal assistance?
A. No, there is no such thing as free lunch.
B. Yes, provided he is classified as a poor litigant by the court.
C. Yes, the act committed is a minor offense.
D. No, if the offense is grave.

33. My right is another man’s duty. Which one CORRECTLY illustrates this?
A. My right to my private property requires my neighbor’s duty not to trespass the same.
B. I have freedom of speech but I see to it that I speak only what is true.
C. Suffrage is both a right and a duty.
D. I exercise my right in such a way that it does not violate another person’s right.

34. Every right has a built-in duty. Which of the following illustrates this CORRECTLY?
A. I have the right to vote, and it is the duty of the COMELEC to allow me to vote.
B. My right to privacy requires my neighbor to respect it.
C. I have the right to sell you my cellphone but it is your duty to pay for it.
D. I have the right to drive my car but I must see it to that I obey traffic rules.

35. Can a person be imprisoned for debt?
A. No, if he can’t pay the interest of his debt.
B. Yes, if he has no property with which to pay his debt.
C. No
D. Yes, if he stubbornly refuses to pay.

36. What does “presumption of innocence” mean in so far as human rights is concerned?
A. A suspect is considered guilty until proven otherwise
B. A suspect has the right to remain silent
C. A suspect has the right to legal counsel.
D. A suspect remains innocent until proven guilty

37. No person may be elected as President of the Philippines unless he/she is a ______.
A. Natural born citizen
B. Resident of the Philippines for at least 2 years
C. At least 21 years old.
D. Professional

38. Who does the canvassing of votes for President and Vice President in every election?
A. Comelec and Chief Justice
B. Senate and Congress
C. Supreme Court and Congress
D. Joint Committee of Congress

39. All appropriations, revenue, or tariff bills shall originate exclusively from the ______.
A. Senate
B. Sangguniang Panlalawigan
C. House of Representatives
D. Department of Budget

40. Which department has the authority to make laws and to alter them when needed?
A. Executive
B. Legislative
C. Judicial
D. Administrative

41. A bill becomes a law even if not signed by the President after ____ days.
A. 60
B. 40
C. 20
D. 30

42. Who has the power to declare the existence of a state of war?
A. Chief Justice
B. President
C. Senate President
D. Congress

43. A losing senatorial candidate may file a protest against the winner. What body will assume jurisdiction over the case?
A. Supreme Court
B. Electoral Tribunal
D. Regional Trial Court

44. How is the crime of rape classified?
A. Heinous
B. Homicide
C. Slander
D. Malicious Mischief

45. All Filipino citizens have the right to vote and to be voted upon as a government official. What is this constitutional right called?
A. Passive right to vote
B. Political Franchise
C. Suffrage
D. Electoral right

46. Any individual has the right to question why he is being arrested and to summon his accusers to court so that due process may be performed. This right is embodied in which of the following?
A. Reclusion Perpetua
B. Res ipsa loquitur
C. Prison mayor
D. Habeas corpus

47. Which of the following represents the political process involved in amending or revising the Philippine Constitution to adapt to the present Philippine situation?
A. Constitutional Convention
B. Citizen’s assembly
C. Charter change
D. Constitutional correction

48. Which is TRUE of the historical development of the Philippines?
A. It has never been an independent nation.
B. It has been an independent nation ever since.
C. It has evolved from a colony to a fully independent nation.
D. It has not achieved full independence from the very beginning.

49. Which problem is common from the presidency of Marcos, Aquino, Ramon, Estrada, Macapagal-Arroyo and Benigno Aquino III?
A. Social injustice
B. Peace and security
C. Poor governance
D. Moral degeneration

50. Basically, the Philippine agrarian problem is a question of _____.
A. Land distribution
B. Nepotism and corruption
C. Graft and corruption
D. Environmental degradation

Answer key

1. A11. A21. B31. A41. B
2. B12. A22. A32. B42. D
3. C13. A23. A33. A43. B
4. B14. A24. A34. D44. A
5. A15. A25. A35. C45. C
6. B16. A26. A36. D46. D
7. D17. C27. C37. A47. C
8. A18. A28. B38. D48. C
9. B19. A29. A39. C49. B
10. D20. D30. D40. B50. A