[Social Science Part 1] Gen Ed LET Reviewer

Here is Part 1 of our Gen Ed Social Science reviewer for the upcoming Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET).

This is Part 1 of our Social Science Gen Ed reviewer. This has 50 multiple-choice questions with the answer key provided at the bottom.

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Gen Ed Social Science reviewer

1. After the accused, Rolando Cruz, had consummated the crime of rape upon a girl named Rosario Reyes, age 18, niece of his deceased wife, he married the girl in a ceremony officiated by Minister Roa. He was charged and convicted with rape. Based on the facts, why was Rolando Cruz charged and convicted with rape after he married Rosario?
A. The marriage was solemnized by Minister Roa who had no authority to solemnize a marriage.
B. The offense of rape has been committed and the marriage was only a cover-up.
C. There was no real consent.
D. There was no intention of entering into the actual marriage status.

2. Which one is the human right to life?
A. Equal treatment before the law
B. Fair trial
C. Political independence
D. Freedom from inhuman punishment

3. Which of the following is MOST likely to be studied by a macroeconomist?
A. What determines consumer demands
B. What causes high rates of unemployment
C. How a company make a profit
D. How a firm prices its products or services

4. A conflict between property rights and freedom of speech might arise in all of the situations, EXCEPT
A. disgruntled employee passing out leaflets in front of a hairdresser’s salon
B. protesters carrying signs outside a cinema in an enclosed shopping mall
C. environmentalists carry signs at the entrance of an oil refinery
D. a religious order soliciting funds and converts in the swimming pool area of a condominium

5. The cooperative development Authority denied the registration of Farmers Cooperative Bank of the Philippines because it has a minimum authorized share capital of _____.
A. P 300M
B. P 200M
C. P 400M
D. P 100M

6. Which statement is guaranteed by the Civil Code of the Philippines?
A. Both husband and wife are co-equal.
B. Both are given freedom to choose their occupations.
C. The husband has the right to object to the occupation of the wife.
D. The wife also has the right to object to the occupation of the husband.

7. Which statements supports the abolition of death penalty?
A. Conviction followed by execution is a deterrent.
B. Death penalty is uncivilized, cruel, and unusual form of punishment, depriving criminals of the ultimate right to life.
C. Recidivism in criminal cases is high.
D. Capital punishment fits the severity of the crime of murder.

8. Who is taxed on the income derived from sources within the Philippines?
A. a citizen of the Philippines
B. a non-resident citizen
C. a Filipino
D. a domestic corporation

9. The government wants a piece of private land for a government project. The owner resisted the government. How may the government own the land?
A. right of eminent domain
B. right of government ownership
C. right of habeas corpus
D. right of a sovereign over the governed

10. A radio station was padlocked after a midnight broadcast. The operator accused the authorities of
A. suppression of the right to express one’s views
B. suppression of the freedom of religion
C. suppression of the right to justice
D. suppression of the freedom of speech

11. A man served his sentence for 8 years, although he was sentenced 20 years imprisonment.
A. a commutation of years
B. a pardon
C. total freedom
D. a parole

12. A family built his house in an inner piece of land. He was not allowed to go through a neighbor’s yard. He was accused of trespassing private property. The law allows such passage under the
A. right of travel
B. right of way
C. right of homeowners
D. right of eminent domain

13. A child after birth has a right to a name. This is actually
A. right for just treatment
B. a right for survival
C. a right to suffrage
D. a right to his identity

14. Mr. Sin was born as a Chinese national. He wants to run as a congressman. He was naturalized at age 18. Can he run for a congressional seat?
A. Yes, because he was a naturalized citizen
B. Yes, because he is a citizen
C. No, because a naturalized citizen can’t run for congress
D. No, because his parents are already a citizen

15. A child was born to a couple before the marriage vow. He demands a share of his inheritance. How will he be classified?
A. natural born
B. adopted child
C. illegitimate child
D. legitimate child

16. There are military confrontations in some parts of the Philippines. How does the government address the situation?
A. declare ceased fire
B. declare amnesty for all
C. negotiate with the representatives of both panels

17. In order to avoid conflict with China what does the Philippines invoked in terms of Spratly island?
A. Laws on territorial boundaries
B. Laws on sea limits
C. Territorial Supremacy
D. Laws on immigration

18. Why are barangay chairmen assigned to settle barangay cases?
A. They know all the residents
B. They are competent judges
C. They have training
D. They have biases

19. An individual has the right to file the WRIT OF AMPARO before the investigation of an administrative case filed against him/her. What fundamental right is invoked by the individual?
A. Right to be defended by a public attorney
B. Right to life, liberty, and security
C. Right to self-defense
D. Right to due process

20. The logo of the Olympic Games represents the interconnectedness of the countries in the world. While the game highlights the strength of nation in sports. What does the global activity promote?
A. World tourism
B. World peace
C. World industry
D. World history

21. All of the following constitute the meaning of political science except:
A. A basic knowledge and understanding of the state
B. It is primarily concerned with the association of human beings in a political community
C. Common knowledge of every event taking place in the society
D. It deals with the relationship among men and groups which are subject to the control by state.

22. It refers to the community of persons more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience, and enjoying freedom from external control.
A. Sovereignty
B. Nation
C. Citizenship
D. State

23. It refers to the agency through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and carried out.
A. Government
B. Sovereignty
C. Constitution
D. State

24. What are the four elements of state?
A. people. territory, sovereignty, government
B. people, constitution, territory, government
C. government, law, peace, territory
D. constitution, people, land, independence

25. What theory asserts that the early states must have been formed by deliberate and voluntary compact among the people to form a society and organize government for their common good.
A. Necessity Theory
B. Divine Right Theory
C. Social Contact Theory
D. Social Compact Theory

26. Government exists and should continue to exist for the benefit of the people.
A. The statement is a general truth.
B. The statement is just an assumption.
C. The statement is a fallacy.
D. There is no basis for judgment.

27. What are the forms of government in which the political power is exercised by a few privileged class.
A. Oligarchy and Aristocracy
B. Aristocracy and Monarchy
C. Theocracy and Fascism
D. Democracy and Tyranny

28. The precolonial Philippines has no established government. Its villages and settlements were called barangays.
A. Only the first statement is true and correct
B. Only the second statement is true and correct
C. Both statements are true and correct
D. Both statements are untrue and incorrect

29. There were four social classes of people in the precolonial barangays. They were the nobles, freemen, serfs, and slaves.
A. Only the first statement is true and correct.
B. Only the second statement is true and correct.
C. Both statements are true and correct.
D. Both statements are untrue and incorrect.

30. What are the two known written codes during the pre-Spanish era in the Philippines?
A. Maragtas and Kalantiaw Codes
B. Sumakwil and Sulayman Codes
C. Panay and Subanon Codes
D. Hammarubi and Ur Nammu Codes

31. Under the Spanish colonial government, who directly governed the Philippines?
A. The Governor-General
B. The Viceroy of Mexico
C. The Royal Audiencia
D. The King of Spain

32. What is the first city to be established in 1565 in the Philippines?
A. Manila
B. Davao
C. Cebu
D. Ilo-ilo

33. The government that Spain established in the Philippines was defective. It was a government for the Spaniards and not for the Filipinos.
A. Only the first statement is true and correct.
B. Only the second statement is true and correct.
C. Both statements are true and correct.
D. Both statements are untrue and incorrect.

34. What was the secret society founded in 1896 that precipitated the glorious revolution against the Spaniards.
A. The Katipunan
B. The Kalahi
C. The Biak na Bato Republic
D. The Ilustrado

35. Arranged the sequence of governments during the revolutionary era:
1. The Dictatorial Government
2. The Revolutionary Government
3. The Biak-na-Bato Republic
4. The First Philippine Republic
A. 2 3 1 4
B. 3 1 2 4
C. 4 1 3 2
D. 1 2 3 4

36. Arranged according to its establishment during the American Regime:
1. The Commonwealth Government
2. The Military Government
3. The Civil Government
A. 1 2 3
B. 2 3 1
C. 3 2 1
D. 2 1 3

37. What was the civil government established during Japanese occupation of the Philippines?
A. The Japanese Imperial Government
B. The Philippine Republic
C. The Puppet Government of Japan
D. The Philippine Executive Commission

38. The Constitution used by the Philippine government from the commonwealth period until 1973.
A. The Malolos Constitution
B. The Biak-na- Bato Constitution
C. The 1935 Constitution
D. The 1901 Constitution

39. What kind of government was installed under the 1973 Constitution under the Marcos regime?
A. Modified Presidential system
B. Modified Parliamentary system
C. Military system
D. Bicameral system

40. A de facto government requires a de jure status when it gains wide acceptance from the people and recognition from the community of nations.
A. The statement is true and valid.
B. The statement is an assumption.
C. The statement is a fallacy
D. The statement is doubtful

41. It is defined as written instrument by which the fundamental powers of the government are established, limited and defined and by which powers are distributed among the several departments or branches for their and useful exercise for the benefit of the people.
A. Laws
B. Statutes
C. Constitution
D. Ordinances

42. There is no Constitution that is entirely written or unwritten.
A. The statement is true and correct.
B. The statement is incorrect.
C. The statement is partially correct.
D. There is no basis to conclude.

43. Requisites of a well written constitution.
A. Brief
B. Broad
C. Definite
D. All of the given options

44. Who has the authority to interpret the constitution?
A. Private individual
B. Courts
C. Legislative and Executive departments of the government
D. All of the given options

45. “We the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote our common goods, conserves and develops our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and regime of truth, justice, freedom, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution”.
What part of Constitution is this?
A. General Provision
B. Amendments
C. Preamble
D. National Patrimony

46. Which statements is TRUE of the pre-Spanish Filipino government?
A. The datu exercised all power of government.
B. Laws were formulated by a law-making body elected by the datu.
C. Laws were formulated by a law-making body elected by the community.
D. There was a court created by the datu to hear complaints.

47. What characteristic/s of government is established by the 1987 Constitution
I. Presidential system of government with three branches
II. Parliamentary system of government
III. The three branches of government are separate and independent of one another
IV. The three branches of government have a check and balance over one another
A. I only
B. II only
C. II, III and IV
D. I, III, and IV

48. If our present government is a democracy, where does power reside?
A. In the Filipino People
B. In Congress
C. In the President
D. In the Supreme Court

49. In President Quezon’s time, the country had the Philippine Commonwealth. What is TRUE about the Philippine Commonwealth? The Filipino people ______.
A. Were fully independent
B. Were partially independent
C. Were granted total freedom to course their destiny only in matters of education
D. Were citizens of the United States

50. In the decade of the 70’s, one clamor of the activists who staged street demonstration on the streets was “Down with the oligarchs!” What did they accuse the government of as suggested by the italicized word?
A. A rule of the few rich
B. A form of dictatorship
C. Anti-poor
D. Elitist

Answer key

1. B11. A21. C31. D41. B
2. D12. B22. D32. C42. D
3. B13. D23. A33. C43. D
4. D14. C24. A34. A44. C
5. D15. C25. C35. B45. C
6. A16. C26. A36. B46. A
7. B17. A27. A37. D47. D
8. A18. A28. C38. C48. A
9. A19. B29. C39. A49. B
10. D20. B30. A40. C50. A